anh imsk
Montessori Method

Montessori Method

Maria Montessori (August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician. She was the founder of the Montessori Method and the most influent person in kindergarten education.



1. Dr. Maria Montessori – the founder of Montessori Method
 
Maria Montessori (August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician. She was the founder of the Montessori Method and the recognized as one of the most influential people in the development of kindergarten education.

Montessori's "discovery of the child" was a true awakening in the advancement of early education. She believed that education begins at birth and that the first few years of life, being the most formative, are the most important both physically and mentally.

The Montessori method of education that she derived from her experience has subsequently been applied successfully to children across the world. In fact, schools utilizing her unique methods can now be found on six continents! Her method of education has been applied and has undergone a revival in recent decades.
 

2. What is the Montessori Method of Education?


The Montessori Method is an approach to education which emphasizes the potential of the young child and which attempts to develop this potential by means of a prepared environment utilizing specially trained teachers and specialized teaching materials.
This system of education is both a philosophy of child development as well as a rationale for guiding such growth. It is based on two important developmental needs of children:


•    The need for freedom within limits
•    A carefully prepared environment that guarantees exposure to materials and experiences
Through these developmental needs, the child develops intelligence as well as physical and psychological abilities. The Montessori method of education is designed to take full advantage of children’s desire to learn and their unique ability to develop their own capabilities. Children need adults to expose them to the possibilities of their lives, but the children must determine their response to all the possibilities.

 

3. The main premises of Montessori education are:

 
Children are to be respected as different from adults and as individuals who differ from each other.

Children possess an unusual sensitivity and intellectual ability to absorb and learn from their environment that are unlike those of the adult both in quality and capacity.  The most important years of children growth are the first six years of life when unconscious learning is gradually brought to the conscious level.  Children have a deep love and need for purposeful work. They work, however, not as an adult for the completion of a job, but the sake of an activity itself. It is this activity which enables them to accomplish their most important goal: the development of their individual selves - their mental, physical and psychological abilities.
 

Online: 28 people - Total: 855616